1. The ceasefire implies a cessation of hostilities between the parties in the Nuba Mountains within 72 hours of the signing of this agreement. (2) The ceasefire guarantees the free movement of civilians and goods, including humanitarian aid, through the Nuba Mountains. 3. This ceasefire leads in particular to the cessation of hostilities, military movements, including reconnaissance and reinforcement, as well as actions of hostilities; B. All air or ground attacks, as well as acts of sabotage and the laying of mines; (c) attempts to occupy new ground posts and movements of troops and resources from one location to another, such as the supply of food, clothing and medical assistance to the armed forces on the ground; d. all acts of violence committed against the civilian population or other abuses, such as. (b) summary executions, torture, harassment, arbitrary detention and persecution of civilians on the basis of their ethnic or political origin, incitement to ethnic hatred, arming of civilians, use of child soldiers, training in sexual violence, training of terrorists, genocide and bombing of the civilian population; E. Supplying ammunition and weapons and other war-related warehouses in the fields; f.
Any hostile propaganda between the parties, including defamatory, false or derogatory language, both inside and outside the country. 4. To this end, the Nuba Mountains mean the whole of southern Kordofan and Lagawa province, in western Kordofan. 5. The parties exercise control of all armed groups that have set up their own armed forces in their respective control areas. They also promote the culture of peace and respect for civil and political rights and freedoms in these territories. 6. The parties report the cessation of hostilities through their respective channels of command, as well as the civilian population through printing media and electronic media. 7.
The cessation of hostilities is regulated and supervised by the Joint Military Commission in accordance with Article VII. 29 Moreover, the demands for self-determination have only been addressed by « popular consultations » with an imprecise right of expression on the desired future position of South Kordo supporters within the Sudanese political system. These consultations should go through the regional parliament to be elected in the 2009 parliamentary elections to determine whether Southern Kordofan as a whole is in favour of the CPA as a whole or whether certain parts should be rejected (Ylanen, 2009b: 10) and other issues that the agreement had not respected. SAF forces maintained control of two important agricultural areas in the Nuba Mountains throughout the ceasefire: Al-Azrak in Heiban County and Mardes in Delami County – and denied access to agriculture.