Soft Law In The Paris Climate Agreement Strength Or Weakness

52 Z.B. Germany, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction and Nuclear Safety, `Third Biennial Report of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change`, 2017 (Germany, BR3), p. 18 (`Germany is pursuing ambitious climate change targets. The federal government has set a goal of reducing the country`s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2020 compared to 1990. This target goes well beyond Germany`s target of reducing its emissions by 14%, contributing to the EU`s 20% reduction target for 2020 under the burden-sharing decision. New Zealand, CL7, No. 51 above, p. 69 (« Because New Zealand`s emission profile is very different from that of other developed countries. » All of New Zealand`s goals are therefore ambitious. South Africa, Department of Environmental Affairs, South Africa`s 2nd Biennial Update Report, 2017, p. 130 (« South Africa`s comprehensive approach to limiting greenhouse gas emission reductions is characterized by two contexts: first, its contribution as a responsible global citizen to international efforts to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions »); UK, NC7, No 21 above, p. 11 (« The United Kingdom has exceeded the emission reductions of its first national carbon budget (2008-2012) by 1% and expects it to be around 4% and 6% higher than our second and third budgets, which cover the period 2013-2022. In this way, we also expect us to meet our international commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. 19`, namely that `the Contracting Parties shall apply national mitigation measures aimed at achieving the objectives of those contributions [defined at national level]`.

This is an obligation of an individual nature. It is purely procedural; it can be satisfied without any mitigation results. While Mayer may prefer to characterize this as an obligation of behavior or diligence, it is still only procedurally, as it does not require any actual mitigation. From Mayer`s perspective, the purpose of the Paris Agreement is to create and coordinate several individual procedural obligations of the state. . . .